Osseous Surgery: Why Is It Done?

January 15, 2023

The word “surgery” alone can send shivers down your spine. Undoubtedly, many surgical procedures cause extreme pain and complications, yet there is no reason to get frightened by osseous surgery.

If you are eager to learn more about osseous surgery and what you should expect during the surgical process, read on. Our guide covers everything you need to know about it, why it is performed and the path to recovery.

What is Osseous Surgery

In a typical healthy mouth, there is about 2 to 3 millimeter rift or pocket between the base of the teeth and gums. However, gum diseases, caused due to bacteria buildup, can increase the size of these rifts. As a result, your pockets get deeper and pave the way for the entry of more bacteria which further damages your bones and gums.

That’s when osseous surgery comes into play and helps you rid of bacteria infestation in these deep pockets. During the surgical process, a dental professional cuts your gums, cleans the bacteria living in these pockets and repairs the damaged bones.

Why is Osseous Surgery Done

Here are some of the main reasons why dentists recommend and perform osseous surgery:

  1. Gum diseases cannot be treated by antibiotics or root planing
  2. Removes or reduces pockets formed due to gum disease
  3. Prevent gum disease which can lead to gingivitis
  4. Prevent periodontitis that can further damage your bones that provide support to your teeth
  5. Prevent tooth loss which might occur due to poor dental health

What is the Process of Osseous Surgery

Osseous surgery is performed by a periodontist and takes about two hours to complete. Here’s what happens during the surgery:

  1. Your periodontist gives you local anesthesia to numb your gums
  2. A small incision is made on your gum line.
  3. Gums are folded back to remove the bacteria living under the gums surface
  4. Any irregular or damaged bones are repaired
  5. If you have a severely damaged bone, a periodontal regeneration technique is incorporated. Some of them may include bone grafts or guided tissue regeneration membranes.
  6. Stitches are placed on your gums and covered with a periodontal dressing to prevent your bleeding.


The recovery process after the surgery is quick. Within a few days, you can return back to your routine life. However, it would be best to follow all the post-treatment guidelines given by your periodontist. These guidelines may be related to your dietary changes and prescription of pain relievers. Cutting down the usage of tobacco, maintaining good hygiene and following your periodontist recommendations can greatly increase the effectiveness of the surgical process.

Final Thoughts

All in all, osseous surgery is a less complicated and painless surgical process which can prevent gum diseases and maintain great oral hygiene. If you are developing signs of gum disease, it would be best to seek recommendation from a periodontist to save your oral health.

Looking for a professional dental service? Look no further since Perio Health takes care of all your dental needs. Schedule an appointment to create a treatment plan and resolve your dental issues. Contact us today!

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